Keeping up with emerging technologies, security best practices, and threat intelligence can be a difficult and timeconsuming process. In order to safeguard information and other assets from cyber threats, which may take many different forms, it is vital to do so. Some examples of cyber threats are as follows: • Any file or application on a user's computer may be exploited to do damage if it were infected with malware, a kind of malicious software. Worms, viruses, Trojan horses, and spyware are all included in this category. • Another sort of malicious software is known as ransom ware. An attacker will often encrypt the victim's computer system data in order to carry out this attack. The attacker will then demand money in order to decode and unlock the victim's files. • An attack known as social engineering is one that makes use of human contact to deceive users into breaching security protocols so that the attacker may get sensitive information that is normally shielded from prying eyes.
Phishing is a kind of social engineering that involves the sending of deceptive electronic mail or text messages that are designed to seem like they came from reliable or well-known sources. These messages, which are often used in random attacks, are sent with the intention of stealing sensitive data such as credit card or login information. • Phishing attacks that are classified as spear phishing have a specific user, organization, or company in mind as their targeted target. • The term "insider threat" refers to any breach in security or loss of data that is caused by a human actor, such as an employee, a contractor, or a customer. Threats posed by insiders may have either a malevolent or careless motivation. • DDoS attacks are ones in which several systems interrupt the traffic of a targeted system, such as a server, website, or other network resource. These types of assaults are known as distributed denial-of-service attacks (DDoS). The attackers may either cause the system to crash or make it run more slowly if they flood the target with connection requests, packets, and messages. This prevents genuine traffic from accessing the system. • Advanced persistent threats, often known as APTs, are lengthy targeted assaults that are carried out with the intention of stealing data. These attacks are carried out by an attacker who infiltrates a network and stays undiscovered for extended periods of time. • Eavesdropping attacks known as man-in-themiddle attacks (MitM) involve an attacker intercepting and relaying communications between two parties who think they are interacting with one other. These attacks are known as "man-in-the-middle" assaults.